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Almost 70 years after independence nearly 600 million Indians do not have access to proper sanitation. A recent technology development brings clean, eco-friendly, and affordable sanitation to the masses.
Pathological examination of blood requires the plasma to be separated from the red blood cells and the white blood cells. Usually this is done by centrifugation (high speed rotation) of the blood. The disadvantage with this is that it requires a significant amount of blood and a centrifuge cannot be integrated with a microdevice for point-of-care applications. Researchers at IIT Bombay have now designed a microfluidic chip for blood separation, that can function with a very little blood. Importantly, the microfluidic chip offers almost 100% efficiency in the separation.
Glioblastoma Multiforme (GBM) is the most aggressive of all grades of a type of brain tumour known as glioma, with less than one year of life expectancy. Detection of brain tumors at the early stages of the disease is a challenge and may improve treatment outcomes. A recent research finds that it is possible to detect GBM by analysis of proteins in the blood serum.